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Ayatollah Sayed Mohamad Baqir Al-Hakim
Sayed Al-Hakim was a co-founder of the Islamic political movement in Iraq established in the late fifties, along with the late distinguished leader Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir Al-Sadr and other scholars. Ever since Sayed Al-Hakim maintained close association with Ayatollah Al-Sadr up to the martyrdom of Ayatollah Al-Sadr in 1980. In 1972 Sayed Al-Hakim was arrested and tortured by the Bathist regime. He was released after a wide spread popular pressure on the regime. In 1977 he was re-arrested following the people's uprising in Feb. 1977 in Najaf, and immediately sentenced to life imprisonment by special court without any trial. He was released in July 1979 following huge public pressure on the regime.
Sayed Al-Hakim's association with Ayatollah Al-Sadr continued after his release in 1979 when Ayatollah Al-Sadr was put under house arrest. At this point Sayed Al-Hakim assumed responsibility of conducting clandestine contact with Ayatollah Al-Sadr up to April 1980 when Ayatollah Al-Sadr was murdered by Saddam's regime. Sayed Al- Hakim decided then to leave Iraq in 1980 shortly after the eruption of war between Iraq and Iran, Sayed Al-Hakim played a prominent role in the deliberations leading to the establishment of the Supreme Council of the Islamic Resistance in Iraq (SCIRI) in November 1982.
Saddam's regime reacted violently to Sayed Al-Hakim's leading political activity in SCIRI and arrested 125 members of his family in 1983. Subsequently 18 members of his family were executed. Despite this ordeal and the assassination of his brother Sayed Mahdi Al-Hakim in Sudan Jan. 1988, Sayed Al-Hakim continued his political activities against Saddam's regime. Beside his political activities, Sayed Al-Hakim is a leading member of several Islamic associations. He is also the author of many books on Islamic and political thoughts.