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Rules to follow when traveling during the Holy Month of Ramadhan
- Traveling means having reached outside the boundaries of the city, town or village, on your way to a journey which should not be of less than 28 miles. On a day one has the intention of traveling, one will not break the fast while still at home or in the city. The fast will be broken once you cross the boundary of your hometown.
- At any place where you pray Qasr, you will not fast. If you have traveled to a place where your stay will be less than 10 days, you will pray Qasr for the prayers of 4 rakaats, and you will not fast. You will give Qaza later.
- The people whose job is that of traveling, e.g. pilot, crew, drivers, etc or one who undertakes a journey for a sinful purpose, must fast even while they are traveling, and their prayer will not be Qasr, either.
- To travel for the sole purpose of not fasting is allowed, but it is better if you do not do that.
- If you travel from the place where you live AFTER the time of ZOHR, you will complete the fast. However, if you travel BEFORE the time of ZOHR, you will not fast.
- The day you arrive back from your trip, if you reach the boundary of your hometown BEFORE the time of ZOHR, and you have not done anything that will break your fast, then you must fast on that day. However, if you reach the boundary of your hometown AFTER the time of ZOHR you will not fast and give Qaza after Ramadhan.
- If a person makes a vow for a Sunnat fast on a particular day and he finds that he has to travel on that day, then, because he had specified the day he was going to keep the Sunnat fast, he can fast while journeying; the same applies to a person who makes a vow to keep a Sunnat fast on a particular day regardless of whether he is going to travel on that day or not. However, if a person makes a vow to fast but does not specify the day then he cannot fast if he is going to travel.
- A traveler can observe a Sunnat fast in Madinah on three days if his main purpose is for praying for the fulfillment of his needs, and it is better that those three days are Wednesday, Thursday and Friday.
- If a person does not know that a traveler cannot fast and finds out during the fast, his fast becomes void; however, if he does not find out about it until sunset, his fast is valid.