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Prophet Adam (A)

Prophet Adam was the first man ever to be created. After Allah had created the earth, the heavens, the sun and the moon, He created angels and the jinn. Finally, He created Prophet Adam and then Bibi Hawwa (Eve).

When Allah informed the angels that He was going to make a new creation who would live on earth, they were surprised and said, "O Allah, why are you creating new creatures while we are already busy worshipping You and are reciting Your Names all the time? These creatures will fight amongst themselves over the blessings of the earth and kill each other".

The angels said this because they had seen the jinn act in this way on the earth. However, a few of the jinn were very pious and some like Azazeel or Iblis used to worship Allah with the angels.

Allah gave the angels an answer that satisfied them. He said, "I know that which you do not know. The creature that I will make will be my deputy on earth. His children will occupy the whole earth and will eat things which will grow on it. After I have created him I will give him life and then you should prostrate yourselves (do sajdah) before him".

Allah made the body of Prophet Adam from a special clay and then gave him a soul which turned him into a perfect human being.

And when We said unto the angels: Prostrate yourselves before Adam, they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. He demurred through pride, and so became a disbeliever. (Quran 2:34)
He then commanded the angels to prostrate before Prophet Adam. All the angels immediately obeyed this command and paid their respects to Prophet Adam. However, Iblis (Shaitan) refused to prostrate. Allah asked Iblis why he had disobeyed His command. Iblis replied that he had been created from fire and was better than Prophet Adam, who had been created from clay. He therefore openly disobeyed Allah due to his pride. Allah was very displeased with the disobedience of Shaitan and He said to him, "Get out of Heaven. You are cursed until the Day of Judgement". Shaitan asked to be allowed to live till that day and this request was granted.

Instead of being grateful to Allah, Iblis promised that he would forever lead Prophet Adam and his children away from the right path. However, Allah told him that he would not be able to mislead those people who were good Muslims.

Prophet Adam and Bibi Hawwa (Eve) began to live in Heaven, where they enjoyed the blessings of Allah. They had everything they wished for and were very happy.

And We said: O Adam! Dwell you and your wife in the garden and eat from it a plenteous (food) wherever you wish and do not approach this tree, for then you will be of the unjust.
But the Shaitan made them both fall from it, and caused them to depart from that (state) in which they were; and We said: Get forth, some of you being the enemies of others, and there is for you in the earth an abode and a provision for a time. (Quran 2:35-36)

When Allah let Prophet Adam and Bibi Hawwa (Eve) live in Heaven, he allowed them to do anything they liked, except for one thing. He told them not to go near one of the trees of Heaven and not to eat its fruits.

Iblis could not bear to see how happy Prophet Adam and Bibi Hawwa (Eve) were in Heaven. He blamed Prophet Adam for his bad luck and wanted revenge. His jealousy made him decide to mislead Prophet Adam into making a mistake.

Although Iblis was not allowed to live in Heaven anymore, he had not been stopped from visiting. One day he entered the Heaven and started talking to Prophet Adam. He pretended to be his friend and when he had convinced Prophet Adam that he meant him no harm, he said, "Did you know that you have been kept away from the best thing in Heaven? If you eat the fruit of that tree you will remain in Heaven forever or you can even become angels."

When Prophet Adam and Bibi Hawwa (Eve) heard these words they remembered Allah's command to stay away from that tree and they became frightened. But Iblis was very clever and he swore by the Name of Allah that he was their real friend and he would not tell them something that would harm them.

Prophet Adam and Bibi Hawwa (Eve) had never heard a lie before and because Iblis swore by Allah, they believed him. He told them to first smell the sweet scent of the tree and look at its beautiful colour. At last, he got them to disobey Allah and eat one fruit from the tree. This was a great mistake by Prophet Adam and Bibi Hawwa (Eve) and one they were very sorry for.

Allah told them, "Did I not tell you not to go near that tree and that Iblis was your enemy?"

Both of them told Allah how sorry they were and begged for his forgiveness. But Allah said, "Leave Heaven. From now on your homes will be on the earth. From today your easy life is over and you will have to work to feed yourself and your family."

So Prophet Adam and Bibi Hawwa (Eve) came to this world. They settled in a place called Eden. In the beginning, they hated it and wished that they were back in Heaven.

They use to cry and beg Allah to forgive them and let them come back. After a while Allah forgave them for their mistake but he told them that they would now have to earn their place in Heaven by their actions.

He taught them that there were two paths in life. One is the path of obedience to Allah which leads to happiness and Heaven and the other path is that of the sinners which leads to sorrow and Hell.

He also warned them that Iblis would always try to make them and their children take the second path and that he was their enemy.

Slowly, Prophet Adam and Bibi Hawwa (Eve) got used to their new home and Allah blessed them with children which made them very happy. Bibi Hawwa (Eve) gave birth to two sets of twins. Qaabil (Cain) and his sister were born first and then Haabil (Abel) and his sister some years later.

Prophet Adam and Bibi Hawwa (Eve) loved their children very much and watched proudly as they grew up strong and healthy.

While the sisters helped Bibi Hawwa (Eve) in the home, Qaabil (Cain) became a farmer and grew crops and Haabil (Abel) kept cattle and sheep. The two brothers were very close and the family of Prophet Adam and Bibi Hawwa (Eve) passed their days happily.

Prophet Adam thought that as his sons were now grown up, he would appoint one of them as his successor. Allah told him to choose Haabil (Abel) , his younger son, because he was a better person than his brother. This decision made Qaabil (Cain) very angry and he told his father that he should be the one to succeed because he was older than Haabil (Abel) .

At last Prophet Adam told them to each make a sacrifice to Allah, and the one whose sacrifice was accepted would be the more deserving one.

Haabil (Abel) decided to sacrifice the best animal from his herd and he brought a strong, healthy sheep. Qaabil (Cain) thought to himself that since Allah would not eat his crops, he did not have to sacrifice his best grain. So he brought some spoilt corn to sacrifice.

Suddenly a fire came down from heaven and burnt the sheep to ashes while the corn was left untouched. This meant that Haabil's (Abel's) offering had been accepted while Qaabil's was rejected. Haabil (Abel) thus became the successor of Prophet Adam.

Now Qaabil (Cain) became jealous of his brother and he began to hate him. He started to do evil things and threatened to kill Haabil (Abel). Allah mentions these events in the Holy Qur'an as follows:

Narrate to them the story of the two sons of Adam. When each of them offered a sacrifice to Allah, but it was accepted from one of them and not accepted from the other. One of them (Qaabil) said, "I will murder you", and the other (Haabil (Abel) ) replied, "Allah only accepts from those who guard (themselves against evil)." (Quran 5:27)
Haabil (Abel) loved his brother and tried his best to calm him down and told him, "O Brother, you have gone astray from the right path and whatever intention you have in your heart is sinful. Seek the forgiveness of Allah and do not seek the punishment of Hell."

The words of his brother had no effect on Qaabil. He had become proud and selfish. Finally, his jealousy was too much for him to bear and one day he killed Haabil (Abel) .

When Haabil (Abel) did not return home, Prophet Adam was very worried and he asked Qaabil (Cain) if he knew where his brother was. Qaabil (Cain) replied rudely, "Did you leave him in my care?" This reply made Prophet Adam suspect that his son was dead and he was full of grief at the loss.

Then his mind facilitated to him the slaying of his brother so he slew him; then he became one of the losers. (Quran 5:30)
 
Then Allah sent a crow digging up the earth so that he might show him how he should cover the dead body of his brother. He said: Woe me! do I lack the strength that I should be like this crow and cover the dead body of my brother? So he became of those who regret. (Quran 5:31)
Meanwhile Qaabil (Cain) did not know what to do with the body of his brother. He put it in a sack and carried it on his back. He was ashamed of what he had done and thought all night about what he should do with the body.

At this time Allah decided to guide this foolish and proud young man. Since he was not worthy of receiving direct instructions from Allah, he had to learn from a crow.

Allah sent down two crows before Qaabil. Qaabil (Cain) saw that one crow killed the other one. It then dug a hole in the ground with its beak and buried the dead crow. After that it levelled the ground with its feet. Qaabil (Cain) realised that this was what he had to do, and with much sadness he buried the body of his brother Haabil (Abel) .

Prophet Adam and Bibi Hawwa (Eve) missed Haabil (Abel) very much because he had been a good son. They prayed to Allah to give them another son like him. At last their prayers were answered and they had a son, Prophet Sheeth.

Qaabil (Cain) went to settle in the east of Eden and became a fire-worshipper. When the flood of Prophet Nuh came, the descendants of Qaabil (Cain) were all drowned, and the world was populated by the descendants of Prophet Sheeth.

(Courtesy of:- Shia Ithna asheri Madressa)